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Resolution of the annual session of the NATO PA on support of Ukraine - one of the most determined public demarches of international community against Russian aggression
25 November 2014 03:02

NATO Parliamentary Assembly

RESOLUTION 411

on

SUPPORTING UKRAINE’S SOVEREIGNTY AND DEMOCRACY*

The Assembly,

1. Emphasising the Euro-Atlantic community’s moral obligation to support Ukraine’s struggle for  its  territorial  integrity  and  sovereignty,  as  well  as  its  chosen  pathway  towards  greater Euro-Atlantic integration, and stressing that no third party has a right to veto this process;

2. Supporting  the  decisions  of  the  NATO Wales  Summit  to  provide  Ukraine  with  a  new package of  measures to  support  its  security sector  reform  and  assist  with  defence  capacity building, in order to strengthen Ukraine’s ability to defend itself;

3. Condemning in the strongest terms Russia’s illegal occupation and ‘annexation’ of Crimea and invasion of Ukrainian sovereign territory, in violation of international law and particularly of the Budapest Memorandum of 1994, the Helsinki Final Accord, the UN Charter and the spirit of the NATO-Russia Founding Act;

4. Stressing that Russia’s direct as well as covert involvement, including the deployment of unmarked uniformed troops in part of Ukraine, is the principal reason for the prolonged armed conflict and the humanitarian crisis in eastern Ukraine;

5. Welcoming  the  Minsk  Agreements  of  5  and  19  September  and  the  steps  taken  by President Poroshenko and the Ukrainian parliament to accommodate the interests of the people of eastern Ukraine; but,

6. Expressing concern over the lack of implementation of the Minsk Agreements including the fragile status of the ceasefire, the continued instability in eastern Ukraine, as well as the deterioration of the human rights situation for Crimean Tatars and other minorities under Russian occupation;

7. Calling  on  all  relevant  parties  to  provide  full  assistance  to  the  Dutch  Safety  Board, conducting the investigation of the downing of Malaysian Airlines flight MH17;

8. Noting that the successful conduct and the results of the 26 October 2014 parliamentary elections confirm Ukraine’s strong commitment to democracy and European integration;

9. Commending Ukraine for ratifying the remaining provisions of the Association Agreement with the European Union establishing, inter alia, a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area, and convinced that, once fully in force, the Agreement will be a crucial tool for transformation and modernisation of Ukraine’s political system, economy and judiciary;

10. Acknowledging  the  significant  contributions  Ukraine  has  made  as  a  NATO  partner, including to all four active NATO-led operations, as well its participation in the NATO Response Force;

11. Recalling the pledge made at the 2008 NATO Bucharest Summit that Ukraine and Georgia will receive NATO membership, provided they so wish and once the membership criteria are fulfilled, and welcoming in this context the ever-increasing support of the Ukrainian people for membership of NATO;

12. Noting that the Alliance’s promotion of shared values in Europe and beyond forms the bedrock of the Euro-Atlantic security community;

13. URGES member governments and parliaments of the North Atlantic Alliance:

a. to ensure full and rapid implementation of pledges made so far in support of Ukraine and to consider additional political, financial, economic, material and technical support measures to assist Ukraine in its efforts to protect its territory and to build a strong, accountable and democratic state which guarantees human rights and the rule of law;

b. to support diplomatic attempts to peacefully resolve the Russia-backed armed conflict in eastern Ukraine and prevent it from becoming another “frozen conflict”, in particular by reinforcing the International Observation Mission on the Russia-Ukraine border in the conflict zone;

с. to continue targeted sanctions until Russia shows that it is willing to abide by international rules and norms, to undo illegal and illegitimate territorial gains, and to behave as a responsible and neutral actor advancing the peaceful resolution of conflicts;

d. to make it unambiguously clear that the illegal ‘annexation’ of Crimea will never be recognised;

e. to implement measures designed to boost defensibility of the Alliance’s eastern periphery and to demonstrate solidarity and to increase support for those Allies that are mostly affected by Russia’s counter-measures in response to sanctions;

f. to counter the Russian Federation’s campaign of misinformation;

g. to encourage greater energy independence from Russian sources of oil and natural gas in

Europe;

h. to keep the door open for future enlargements of the Alliance;

14. CALLS UPON the government and Parliament of Ukraine to continue democratic reforms, including  the  building  of  an  inclusive  political  system  based  on  respect  for  the  rule  of  law, minorities,  and human rights;  and to demonstrate  with  concrete  actions  that today’s  Ukraine tackles corruption, clientelism and oligarchic influences resolutely and without exceptions;

15. CALLS UPON the Russian Federation:

a. to stop attempts to destabilise Ukraine;

b. to publically urge pro-Russian separatists to disarm;

c. to free immediately all the Ukrainian citizens captured by it since the beginning of the conflict and who are being unlawfully held in Russian territory;

d. to engage in genuine talks with the Ukrainian government on a political solution to the crisis and the return of Crimea to Ukrainian jurisdiction;

e. to put an end to the brutal and massive violations of human rights, including the right to live in  the  territory  of  Crimea  and  the  territories  in  the  regions  of  Donetsk  and  Luhansk temporarily under the control of separatists;

f. to end the propaganda campaign which fuels aggressively anti-Western and chauvinistic attitudes among the Russian people;

16. URGES therefore the Russian Federation to make every effort to contribute to the implementation of the Minsk Agreements.

* presented by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security and adopted by the Plenary Assembly on Monday 24 November 2014, The Hague, Netherlands.

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