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Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine regarding so-called “Declaration of Independence of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol city” and its support by the Russian Federation
12 March 2014 01:02

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine expresses its resolute protest over the declaration by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation of 11 March 2014 on the recognition of the so-called “Declaration of Independence of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol” adopted by the Parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

This decision is unconstitutional, unlawful and legally void.

This decision violates national legislation of Ukraine and the provisions of international agreements, including the statement by the President of the Security Council of 20 July 1993, which was unanimously supported by all members of the UN Security Council, including Russia.

Ukraine strongly condemns the direct intervention of the Russian Federation in its internal affairs. Acts of the Russian Side directly contradict fundamental principles of international law and the generally recognized principles of peaceful coexistence of states.

The arguments on the legality of the decision of the Parliament of Crimea to proclaim independence of Crimea hold no water.

In this regard the Russian Side refers to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice regarding the unilateral declaration of Kosovo's declaration of independence.

However, in a written statement formally submitted by the Russian Federation in the case concerning Kosovo to the International Court of Justice was stated that "the right to self-determination cannot be construed as authorizing or encouraging any action which would lead to a partition or partial or complete violation of the territorial integrity or political unity of sovereign and independent states".

Based on this position, Russia has not recognized Kosovo's independence. However, now there is an attempt by the Russian Side to apply this approach to Ukraine, which was refused by the Russian Federation. This means that the reference to the decision of the International Court of Justice is a typical example of double standards on the part of Russia.

The Russian Side claims that observers from the OSCE were invited to the so-called “plebiscite”. The cynicism of the situation is that an invitation to observers to attend the sovereign territory of Ukraine was given by the official representative of the Russian Federation to the OSCE.

It is also well known that the Swiss Chairmanship of the OSCE proclaimed “referendum” scheduled for March 16 in Crimea as illegitimate and excluded the possibility of participating of the OSCE observers in it.

Ukraine's Foreign Ministry condemns the practice of incitement and provocative statements as well as actions by the Russian Federation aimed at escalating the situation in Crimea.

To express this position and obtain necessary explanations the Charge d' Affairs of the Russian Federation in Ukraine was summoned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine.

Ukraine urges the Russian Side to de-escalate the situation, to launch direct dialogue and stay in full compliance with the norms and principles of international law and international relations.

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